This page highlights the growing body of research on organic and sustainable farming practices.
The Organic Research Forum at the annual MOSES Organic Farming Conference provides a Poster Gallery and a special track of workshops to bring current research directly to organic and sustainable farmers.
The Organic Research Forum is made possible by a generous grant from the Ceres Trust.
- Organic Research and Outreach in the North Central Region – 2015
Produced by the Ceres Trust, the report includes state-specific details about student organic farms; certified organic research land and animals; sources of organic research funding; dissemination of organic research results through field days and peer-reviewed journals; organic education efforts of nonprofit organizations; and other relevant information.
- United Nations Conference on Trade and Development: Wake Up Before it is too Late
To feed the world and save our environment, experts reporting to the United Nations 2013 Conference on Trade and Development recommend reversing course from high input, unsustainable, modern production methods and adopting organic and agroecological farming practices. See report here.
- Organic Agriculture in Wisconsin 2015
According to a report from the University of Wisconsin Center for Integrated Agricultural Systems and the WI DATCP, Wisconsin leads the nation in organic dairy and beef production. The report notes that the state has 1,257 certified organic farms, making it the second largest state for organic farming—California is first. The report includes additional statistics about organic agriculture and research in the state, as well as narrative about opportunities and challenges facing the state’s organic farmers.
- Protecting Organic Seed Integrity:
The Organic Farmer’s Handbook to GE Avoidance and Testing
This manual from the Organic Seed Growers and Trade Association offers guidance on avoiding seed contamination and information about testing these at-risk crops: corn, soy, cotton, alfalfa, papaya, canola (Brassica rapa), sugarbeet, and squash (Cucurbita pepo).
- Organic Farmers Pay the Price for GMO Contamination
Food & Water Watch in partnership with the Organic Farmers’ Agency for Relationship Marketing (OFARM) surveyed farmers in 17 states, finding that contamination from GMO crops is happening and it’s non-GMO farmers who are paying the price.
MOSES Organic Farming Conference
2015 Research Poster Gallery
Introducing Winter-hardy Green Manures into Organic Soybean-Winter wheat-Corn Rotations: Effects on Crop Yields and Weed Pressure
Katja Koehler-Cole, Univeristy of Nebraska-Lincoln
The Use of Organic Pinot Noir Grape Extract as a Natural Anthelmintic in Katahdin Lambs
Kimberly Cash, J.D. Caldwell, B.C. Shanks, A.L. Bax, L.S. Wilbers, H.L. Hilsenbeck, A.T. McKnelly, T.A. Drane, K.L. Basinger, J.K. Clark, and H.L. Bartimus, Lincoln University, H.D. Naumann, University of Missouri
Yield Performance and Stability of Dry Edible Beans (P. vulgaris L.):
Recommendations for Minnesota Organic Production
Hannah R. Swegarden, Thomas E. Michaels, and Craig Sheaffer, University of Minnesota
David Bane, Bane Family Meats, Sydney, IL, Dustin Kelly, Savanna Institute
Implementing Cover Crop-based Reduced Tillage in Small Scale Organic Vegetable Production
Eric Bietila, Erin Silva, Jed Colquhoun, and Anne Pfeiffer, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Evaluation of an On-Farm Bio-Fertilizer Production System Using Cyanobacteria
Jessica Davis, H.N. Storteboom, R. Barminski, A. Sukor, P. Toonsiri, and N. Yoder, Colorado State University
Predators and Parasitoids of Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Eggs in Organic Systems
Kristin Deroshia and Matt Grieshop, Michigan State University
Student Organic Seed Symposium
Claire Flavin and Hannah Swegarden, University of Minnesota, Lynn Maher, Solveig Hanson, and Claire Luby, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Lisa Kissing Kucek, Cornell University
Hairy Vetch: An Early-flowering Winter Hardy Cover Crop for Minnesota
Claire Flavin, University of Minnesota
Tomato Variety Trials for Flavor, Quality and Agronomic Performance
Kitt Healy, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Evaluation of Five Grains for Use in Fodder Systems for Organic Dairy Cattle
Bradley Heins and James Paulson, University of Minnesota WCROC
The Use of Double Nickel 55 WDG and Double Nickel LC Fungicide/Bactericides from Certis USA in Organic and IPM Based Plant Disease Programs for Fruit and Vegetable Production
Brett Highland, Certis USA
Do Soil Health Benefits from Cover Crops Vary by Species or Mixture Composition?
Ashley Holmes, Anthony Yannarell, and Sam Wortman, University of Illinois
Quantifying N Mineralization of Green Manures on Sandy Soils
Kate Ivancic, and M. Ruark, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Using Mushrooms to Improve Poultry House Air Quality and Generate Profit
Eve Iversen, Iowa State University
Effects of Reduced Tillage and Split Fertilizer Application in Organic Broccoli and Pepper Production Systems
Dana Jokela and Ajay Nair, Iowa State University
Improving Soil Health and Increasing Rotation Options for Organic High Tunnel Vegetable Production
Lee D. Klossner and Paulo H. Pagliari, University of Minnesota SWROC
Enhancing Freedom to Operate for Plant Breeders and Farmers through Open Source Plant Breeding
Claire Luby, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Portable Cold-weather Goat Shelter Development and Testing
Cherrie Nolden, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Evaluation of Annual Forage Crops for Cover Crop Forage in an Organic System
James Paulson, Brad Heins and Jill Sackett, University of Minnesota
MNDRIVE Winter Greenhouse Crop Organic Fertility Study
Elizabeth Perkus, John Erwin, Julie Grossman, Mary Rogers, Carl Rosen, and Joanne Slavin, University of Minnesota-St. Paul
Strawberry Fields Forever: Quadrupling the Harvest Season in the Upper Midwest
Andy Petran, University of Minnesota
Rhizobiome Responses to New Tomato Rootstock Systems
Raven Poudel, A. Jumpponen, M. Kennelly, C. Rivard, and K. Garrett, Kansas State University
Using Interplanted Cover Crops to Reduce Imported Cabbageworm (Pieris rapae) Damage on Organic Broccoli
Aimee L. Talbot, University of Minnesota
Evaluation of Carrot (Daucus carota L.) for Traits Related to Early Seedling Establishment and Canopy Growth at Different Planting Densities in Organic Systems
Sarah Turner and Philipp W. Simon, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Constraints to Small Grain Productivity
David Weisberger, Iowa State University
Plant Species Composition and Soil Fertility Across Organic Dairies in the Upper Midwest
Chelsea Zegler and Mark Renz, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Geoff Brink, USDA-ARS
Weed Suppression with Designed Compost Extracts
Gladis M. Zinati, Rae Moore, Jeff Moyer, and Kris Nichols, Rodale Institute
2015 MOSES Organic Research Forum Workshops
These workshops were presented at the 2015 MOSES Conference. A selection of workshops highlighting research across a broad range of categories also will be offered at the 2016 MOSES Conference, Feb. 25-27 in La Crosse, Wis.
Does It Pay to Irrigate Pasture Here?
Presenters: Tom Kriegl, UW Center for Dairy Profitability and Paul Onan, Onan Dairy Farm
Many dairy and livestock operations use management intensive rotational grazing for controlling feed costs. Yet many believe the cost of irrigation can’t be justified for pasture. Considering that many pastures are dominated by grasses that are not drought tolerant, and we’ve seen a substantial increase in agricultural commodity and input prices since 2006, it’s worth looking at the economic feasibility of irrigating pasture in the Upper Midwest.
E.U. Organic Vegetable Production Innovations
Presenter: Kathleen Delate, Iowa State University
Explore innovations in organic vegetable systems in Italy, which has over 48,000 organic farms and an extensive support system (government, research, and private certification associations) to assist organic farmers in the transition and beyond. We’ll also discuss details on new roller-crimpers, vegetable varieties, and climate mitigation studies.
Managing Fire Blight without Antibiotics
Presenters: David Granatstein, Washington State University, Ken Johnson, Oregon State University, and Jessica Shade, Organic Center
Learn strategies and practices to control fire blight in apple and pear orchards without the use of antibiotics. Several new control materials are available for use by organic growers, but none appears as a stand-alone replacement for antibiotics. See how organic orchardists in Washington State have used a systems approach successfully to maintain compliance for export to the EU. We’ll cover sanitation, vigor control, sequence and timing of control materials, spray coverage, and varietal susceptibility.
Organic Pasture Management for Dairy Production
Presenters: Mark Renz and Erin Silva, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Pastures—critical to organic dairy production—vary widely among farms in their composition and management. These factors, plus soil fertility practices, greatly influence pasture productivity and quality, impacting milk production. We’ll draw from a recently completed research project on 40 organic dairy pastures to show you how to prioritize management practices to improve pasture productivity and quality in the Upper Midwest.
Organic Potato Production: From Starts to Storage
Presenters: Ruth Genger and Doug Rouse, University of Wisconsin
Potatoes can be challenging to produce, but knowledge about crop needs and management options can help you achieve a bountiful harvest—and keep it longer in storage. We’ll cover sourcing and handling seed, fertility needs, managing pests and diseases, small-and large-scale equipment options, harvesting and storage. We’ll also discuss standard and specialty variety choices, continuing on-farm potato variety trialing projects in the Midwest, and possibilities for on-farm seed potato production.
Pest Management in Organic Grain Crops
Presenter: Kathleen Delate, Iowa State University
The majority of organic grain crops require little beyond native bio-control agents to keep pests in check. This workshop will focus on all the biological, cultural and organic-compliant treatments available to organic farmers. We’ll also look at research results and farmer experience to judge how effective these treatments are for maintaining a pest-suppressive organic grain system.
Practical Approaches and Research Studies with Swine
Presenter: Tom Frantzen, Frantzen Family Farms
This workshop combines decades of experience with the latest research results to give you practical information to improve your hog operation. Learn about the goals and personal values that guide Frantzen Farms, collaborated on-farm research, and other relevant research information with a focus on forages and grow finish diets.
Vermicomposting for the Cold Climate Farm
Presenter: John Biernbaum, MichiganState University
Vermicompost can be a reliable, affordable source of organic matter containing both soluble and stable nutrients for production of high-value transplant and hoophouse crops. It can be made from on farm or local resources that help close the food cycle loop. We will investigate vermicomposting variables for vigorous, vibrant vegetables, based on four years of hoophouse vermicomposting experience and research at Michigan State University.
Where’s the Beef in Animal Product Quality?
Presenter: Chuck Benbrook, Washington State University
How animals are fed and managed has profound effect on milk, meat, fish, and egg quality—which likely accounts for most of the differences in the nutritional value of organic versus conventionally raised animals. We’ll examine recent meta-analyses that link animal, fish, and human nutrition with health outcomes. You’ll find there’s a surprisingly deep body of evidence pointing to adverse nutritional impacts from conventional livestock and aquaculture systems.
From the Organic Broadcaster:
For those of us interested in grass-based agriculture, mob grazing is likely not a new concept. We’ve heard the mob-grazing gurus talk at conferences, read the articles…. Read more.
Gastrointestinal nematode parasitism is one of the greatest threats to economic sheep production in the United States. With increased incidences of anthelmintic resistance and constraints of organic production…. Read more.
Biodegradable biobased mulch film was added to the National List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances for organic production in October 2014. Read more.
The potato is an important staple food—globally the fourth largest food crop after maize, wheat and rice. Read more.
There is no cure for fire blight (FB), and there is no single “silver bullet” (including antibiotics) that will prevent FB infection. Successful non-antibiotic FB control combines…. Read more.
It has been known, at least since the 1950s, that popcorn cannot set seed if pollinated by yellow field corn. Another closely related plant called teosinte also shares…. Read more.
The potential benefits of using cover crops are wide ranging and well documented. The potential benefits of using cover crop mixtures, however, have been less thoroughly explored.
Rotary hoeing and in-row cultivation during the grain growing season help suppress weed populations. Read more.
Implementation of specific cover cropping strategies that cost-effectively capture benefits while minimizing challenges is easier said than done. Read more Read more.
Flame weeding has received renewed interest for its potential in not only organic, but also conventional cropping systems…. Read more.